arct-10q_20200331.htm

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, DC 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from        to

 

Commission File Number: 001-38942

 

ARCTURUS THERAPEUTICS HOLDINGS INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

 

 

Delaware

32-0595345

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

10628 Science Center Drive, Suite 250

San Diego, California

92121

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (858) 900-2660

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Trading

Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share

 

ARCT

 

The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

  

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

  

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  

 

As of May 6, 2020, the registrant had 19,892,287 shares of voting common stock outstanding.

 

 

 


ARCTURUS THERAPEUTICS HOLDINGS INC. AND ITS SUBSIDIARIES

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

Page

PART I.

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

1

Item 1.

Financial Statements

1

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019

1

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

2

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

3

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

4

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

5

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

17

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

22

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

22

PART II.

OTHER INFORMATION

23

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

23

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

23

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

24

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

24

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

24

Item 5.

Other Information

24

Item 6.

Exhibits

25

Signatures

28

 

 

 

i


PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements.

ARCTURUS THERAPEUTICS HOLDINGS INC. AND ITS SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except par value information)

 

 

 

March 31,

2020

 

 

December 31,

2019

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

59,471

 

 

$

71,353

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

2,351

 

 

 

2,179

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

1,937

 

 

 

758

 

Total current assets

 

 

63,759

 

 

 

74,290

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

2,571

 

 

 

2,349

 

Operating lease right-of-use asset, net

 

 

5,567

 

 

 

5,134

 

Equity-method investment

 

 

100

 

 

 

263

 

Non-current restricted cash

 

 

107

 

 

 

107

 

Total assets

 

$

72,104

 

 

$

82,143

 

Liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

3,779

 

 

$

5,793

 

Accrued liabilities

 

 

9,775

 

 

 

7,134

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

8,096

 

 

 

8,397

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

21,650

 

 

 

21,324

 

Deferred revenue, net of current portion

 

 

13,815

 

 

 

15,182

 

Long-term debt

 

 

15,028

 

 

 

14,995

 

Operating lease liability, net of current portion

 

 

4,629

 

 

 

4,850

 

Total liabilities

 

$

55,122

 

 

$

56,351

 

Stockholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock: $0.001 par value; 30,000 shares authorized; 15,157 issued and

   outstanding at March 31, 2020; $0.001 par value; 30,000 shares authorized,

   15,138 issued and outstanding at December 31, 2019

 

 

15

 

 

 

15

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

98,412

 

 

 

97,445

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(81,445

)

 

 

(71,668

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

 

16,982

 

 

 

25,792

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

72,104

 

 

$

82,143

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

1


ARCTURUS THERAPEUTICS HOLDINGS INC. AND ITS SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

(unaudited)

(in thousands except per share data)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

Collaboration revenue

 

$

2,646

 

 

$

4,350

 

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development, net

 

 

7,917

 

 

 

7,324

 

 

General and administrative

 

 

4,191

 

 

 

3,534

 

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

12,108

 

 

 

10,858

 

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(9,462

)

 

 

(6,508

)

 

Loss from equity-method investment

 

 

(163

)

 

 

(288

)

 

Finance expense, net

 

 

(152

)

 

 

(88

)

 

Net loss

 

$

(9,777

)

 

$

(6,884

)

 

Net loss per share, basic and diluted

 

$

(0.67

)

 

$

(0.68

)

 

Weighted-average shares outstanding, basic and diluted

 

 

14,521

 

 

 

10,095

 

 

Comprehensive loss:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(9,777

)

 

$

(6,884

)

 

Unrealized gain on short-term investments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive loss

 

$

(9,777

)

 

$

(6,884

)

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

 

2


ARCTURUS THERAPEUTICS HOLDINGS INC. AND ITS SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(unaudited)

in thousands

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

 

Paid-In

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

Stockholders’

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Capital

 

 

Deficit

 

 

Equity

 

BALANCE - December 31, 2019

 

 

15,138

 

 

$

15

 

 

$

97,445

 

 

$

(71,668

)

 

$

25,792

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(9,777

)

 

 

(9,777

)

Share-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

849

 

 

 

 

 

 

849

 

Issuance of common stock upon exercise of stock options

 

 

19

 

 

 

 

 

 

118

 

 

 

 

 

 

118

 

BALANCE – March 31, 2020

 

 

15,157

 

 

$

15

 

 

$

98,412

 

 

$

(81,445

)

 

$

16,982

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

 

Paid-In

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

Stockholders’

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Capital

 

 

Deficit

 

 

Equity

 

BALANCE - December 31, 2018

 

 

10,762

 

 

$

214

 

 

$

58,302

 

 

$

(44,874

)

 

$

13,642

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(6,884

)

 

 

(6,884

)

Share-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

399

 

 

 

 

 

 

399

 

Effect of adoption of ASU 2014-09

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(803

)

 

 

(803

)

BALANCE – March 31, 2019

 

 

10,762

 

 

$

214

 

 

$

58,701

 

 

$

(52,561

)

 

$

6,354

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3


ARCTURUS THERAPEUTICS HOLDINGS INC. AND ITS SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(unaudited)

in thousands

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(9,777

)

 

$

(6,884

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

182

 

 

 

172

 

Share-based compensation expense

 

 

849

 

 

 

399

 

Loss from equity-method investment

 

 

163

 

 

 

288

 

Other non-cash expenses

 

 

274

 

 

 

212

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

(172

)

 

 

24

 

Prepaid expense and other assets

 

 

(1,179

)

 

 

(291

)

Accounts payable

 

 

(2,276

)

 

 

1,585

 

Accrued liabilities

 

 

1,746

 

 

 

(2,060

)

Deferred revenue

 

 

(1,668

)

 

 

1,144

 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(11,858

)

 

 

(5,411

)

INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisition of property and equipment

 

 

(142

)

 

 

(78

)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(142

)

 

 

(78

)

FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from exercise of stock options

 

 

118

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

118

 

 

 

 

NET DECREASE IN CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH

 

 

(11,882

)

 

 

(5,489

)

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of the period

 

 

71,460

 

 

 

36,816

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of the period

 

$

59,578

 

 

$

31,327

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for interest

 

$

228

 

 

$

167

 

Non-cash investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Right-of-use asset obtained in exchange for lease liabilities

 

$

674

 

 

$

5,868

 

Purchase of property and equipment in accounts payable

 

$

262

 

 

$

135

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

4


 

ARCTURUS THERAPEUTICS HOLDINGS INC. AND ITS SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

Note 1. Description of Business, Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Description of Business

Arcturus Therapeutics Holdings Inc. (the “Company”) is a clinical-stage messenger RNA medicines company focused on the development of infectious disease vaccines utilizing our Self-Transcribing and Replicating RNA (“STARR”) technology and significant opportunities in liver and respiratory rare diseases. In addition to the Company’s internal messenger RNA (“mRNA”) platform, its proprietary lipid nanoparticle delivery system, LUNAR, may enable multiple nucleic acid medicines.

In April 2020, the Company  became a clinical stage Company when it announced that its Investigational New Drug (“IND”) application for a Phase 1b study in patients with ornithine transcarbamylase (“OTC”) deficiency was deemed allowed to proceed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”), and an additional Clinical Trial Application (“CTA”) for a Phase 1 study in healthy volunteers was approved by the New Zealand Medicines and Medical Devices Safety Authority.  

In March 2020, the Company was awarded a grant (the “Grant”) from the Singapore Economic Development Board to support the co-development of a potential COVID-19 vaccine with the Duke-NUS Medical School. The grant provides for up to S$14.0 million (approximately US$10 million using the exchange rate on the date the grant was awarded) in grants to support the development of the vaccine. A portion of the Grant will be paid by the Economic Development Board in advance and the remainder of the Grant will be paid to the Company upon the achievement of certain milestones related to the progress of the development of the vaccine, as set forth in the award agreement. The Company has agreed to pay Duke-NUS Medical School a royalty based on annual net sales of the vaccine in markets or jurisdictions outside of Singapore.

Basis of Presentation

The financial statements for periods prior to June 17, 2019, the effective date of the Company’s Redomiciliation to the United States (as described in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019), relate to our predecessor, Arcturus Therapeutics Ltd., and for the periods from and after June 17, 2019 relate to Arcturus Therapeutics Holdings Inc. Unless stated otherwise or the context otherwise requires, references to the “Company,” “Arcturus,” “we,” “our” and “us” mean Arcturus Therapeutics Holdings Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries from and after the effective time of the Redomiciliation and, prior to that time Arcturus Therapeutics Ltd.

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Arcturus Therapeutics Holdings Inc. and its subsidiaries and are unaudited. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. These condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In management’s opinion, the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, considered necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the interim periods presented.

Interim financial results are not necessarily indicative of results anticipated for the full year. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and footnotes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.  

These condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with GAAP, which requires management to make estimates and assumptions regarding the valuation of certain debt and equity instruments, the equity-method investment, share-based compensation, accruals for liabilities, deferred revenue, expense accruals, and other matters that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods.  Although these estimates are based on management’s knowledge of current events and actions the Company may undertake in the future, actual results may ultimately differ from these estimates and assumptions.

Liquidity

The Company’s activities since inception have consisted principally of performing research and development activities, general and administration activities, and raising capital. The Company’s activities are subject to significant risks and uncertainties, including failing to secure additional funding before the Company achieves sustainable revenues and profit from operations.

5


 

The Company is a clinical-stage bioscience company that is dependent on obtaining external equity and debt financings to fund its operations. Historically, the Company’s primary sources of financing have been through the sale of its securities, through issuance of debt and through collaboration agreements.

As mentioned above, the Company was recently awarded a grant from the Singapore Economic Development Board of up to $10.0 million to support the co-development of a potential COVID-19 vaccine with the Duke-NUS Medical School, approximately $5.0 million of which was awarded during the quarter ended March 31, 2020 and subsequently received in April 2020. Additionally, in April 2020 the Company completed an underwritten public offering of 4,735,297 shares of common stock (including the underwriters’ overallotment option) at a price of $17.00 per share. The Company received net proceeds of approximately $75.5 million in the offering.  

In March 2020, the Company entered into an at-the-market Sales Agreement with Stifel, Nicolaus & Company, Incorporated (the “ATM”). The ATM was terminated simultaneously with the consummation of the underwritten public offering in April 2020.

Segment Information

Operating segments are identified as components of an enterprise about which separate discrete financial information is available for evaluation by the chief operating decision-maker in making decisions regarding resource allocation and assessing performance. The Company and its chief operating decision-maker view the Company’s operations and manage its business in one operating segment, which is the research and development of medical applications for the Company’s nucleic acid-focused technology.

Revenue Recognition

Effective January 1, 2019, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) (“Topic 606”), using the modified retrospective transition method. Topic 606 provides a unified model to determine how revenue is recognized and the Company applied the standard to collaborative research and technology agreements that were in progress as of the effective date, January 1, 2019. The Company determines revenue recognition for arrangements within the scope of Topic 606 by performing the following five steps: (i) identify the contract; (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognize revenue when, or as, the company satisfies a performance obligation. 

The terms of the Company’s collaborative research and development agreements include license fees, upfront payments, milestone payments, and reimbursement for research and development activities, option exercise fees, and royalties on sales of commercialized products. Arrangements that include upfront payments are recorded as deferred revenue upon receipt or when due and may require deferral of revenue recognition to a future period until the Company performs obligations under these arrangements. The event-based milestone payments represent variable consideration, and the Company uses the most likely amount method to estimate this variable consideration because the Company will either receive the milestone payment or will not, which makes the potential milestone payment a binary event. The most likely amount method requires the Company to determine the likelihood of earning the milestone payment. Given the high degree of uncertainty around achievement of these milestones, the Company determines the milestone amounts to be fully constrained and does not recognize revenue until the uncertainty associated with these payments is resolved. The Company will recognize revenue from sales-based royalty payments when or as the sales occur. The Company will re-evaluate the transaction price in each reporting period as uncertain events are resolved and other changes in circumstances occur.

A performance obligation is a promise in a contract to transfer a distinct good or service to the collaborative partner and is the unit of account in Topic 606. A contract’s transaction price is allocated to each distinct performance obligation based on relative standalone selling price and recognized as revenue when, or as, the performance obligation is satisfied.

See “Note 2, Collaboration Revenue” for specific details surrounding the Company’s collaboration arrangements.

Leases

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which requires lessees to recognize most leases on the balance sheet as lease liabilities with corresponding right-of-use assets and to disclose key information about leasing arrangements. The Company adopted Topic 842 on its effective date in the first quarter of 2019 using a modified retrospective approach. The Company elected the available package of practical expedients upon adoption, which allowed it to carry forward historical assessments of whether existing agreements contained a lease and the classification of existing operating leases.

See “Note 8, Commitments and Contingences” for specific details surrounding the Company’s leases.

6


 

Research and Development, Net

Research and development costs are expensed as incurred. These expenses result from the Company’s independent research and development efforts as well as efforts associated with collaboration arrangements. Research and development costs include salaries and personnel-related costs, consulting fees, fees paid for contract research and manufacturing services, the costs of laboratory supplies, equipment and facilities, preclinical studies and other external costs are shown net of any grants.

Statement of Cash Flows

The following table provides a reconciliation of cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash reported within the condensed consolidated balance sheet to the total of the same such amounts shown in the condensed consolidated statement of cash flows:

 

(in thousands)

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

59,471

 

 

$

31,220

 

Non-current restricted cash

 

 

107

 

 

 

107

 

Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted

   cash shown in the statement of cash flows

 

$

59,578

 

 

$

31,327

 

 

Net Loss per Share

Basic net loss per share is calculated by dividing the net loss by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding for the period, without consideration for common stock equivalents. Diluted net loss per share is calculated by dividing the net loss by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock and dilutive common stock equivalents outstanding for the period determined using the treasury-stock method. Dilutive shares of common stock are comprised of stock options.

No dividends were declared or paid during the reported periods.

Note 2. Collaboration Revenue

The Company has entered into license agreements and collaborative research and development arrangements with pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies. Under these arrangements, the Company is entitled to receive license fees, upfront payments, milestone payments if and when certain research and development milestones or technology transfer milestones are achieved, royalties on approved product sales and reimbursement for research and development activities. The Company’s costs of performing these services are included within research and development expenses. The Company’s milestone payments are typically defined by achievement of certain preclinical, clinical, and commercial success criteria. Preclinical milestones may include in vivo proof of concept in disease animal models, lead candidate identification, and completion of IND-enabling toxicology studies. Clinical milestones may, for example, include successful enrollment of the first patient in or completion of Phase I, II, and III clinical trials, and commercial milestones are often tiered based on net or aggregate sale amounts. The Company cannot guarantee the achievement of these milestones due to risks associated with preclinical and clinical activities required for development of nucleic acid medicine-based therapeutics.

The following table presents changes during the three months ended March 31, 2020 in the balances of contract assets, including receivables from collaborative partners, and contract liabilities, including deferred revenue, as compared to what was disclosed in the Company’s Annual Report.

 

(in thousands)

 

Contract Assets

 

BALANCE - December 31, 2019

 

$

2,179

 

Additions for revenue recognized from billings

 

 

978

 

Deductions for cash collections

 

 

(806

)

BALANCE – March 31, 2020

 

$

2,351

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Contract Liabilities

 

BALANCE - December 31, 2019

 

$

23,579

 

Additions for advanced billings

 

 

978

 

Deductions for promised goods/services provided in current period

 

 

(2,646

)

BALANCE – March 31, 2020

 

$

21,911

 

 

7


 

The following table summarizes the Company’s collaboration revenues for the periods indicated (in thousands).

 

 

 

For the Three Months

Ended March 31,

 

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

Collaboration Partner – Janssen

 

$

897

 

 

$

513

 

 

Collaboration Partner – Ultragenyx

 

 

911

 

 

 

1,388

 

 

Collaboration Partner – CureVac

 

 

309

 

 

 

1,894

 

 

Collaboration Partner – Takeda and other

 

 

529

 

 

 

555

 

 

Total collaboration revenue

 

$

2,646

 

 

$

4,350

 

 

 

The following paragraphs provide information regarding the nature and purpose of the Company’s most significant collaboration arrangements.

Collaboration Partner – Janssen

In October 2017, the Company entered into a research collaboration and license agreement with Janssen (the “2017 Agreement”). The 2017 Agreement allocated discovery, development, funding obligations, and ownership of related intellectual property among the Company and Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“Janssen”). The Company received an upfront payment of $7.7 million and may receive preclinical, development and sales milestone payments of $56.5 million, as well as royalty payments on any future licensed product sales. Janssen began reimbursing the Company for research costs during the first quarter of 2019 upon the completion of the first of three research periods. Janssen may also pay option exercise fees within the $1.0 million to $5.0 million range per target.  Janssen will pay royalties on annual net sales of licensed products in the low to mid-single digits range, subject to reduction on a country-by-country and licensed-product-by-licensed-product basis and subject to certain events, such as expiration of program patents. In addition, the 2017 Agreement includes an exclusivity period.

In evaluating the 2017 Agreement in accordance with ASC Topic 606, the Company concluded that the contract counterparty, Janssen, is a customer. The Company identified the following promised goods/services as of the inception of the Agreement: (i) research services, (ii) license to use Arcturus technology and (iii) participation in the Joint Research Committee. The Company concluded that the promised goods/services are incapable of being distinct and consequently do not have any value on a standalone basis. Accordingly, they are determined to represent a single performance obligation. The Company concluded that Janssen’s options to select additional collaboration targets and to license rights to selected targets are not priced at a discount and therefore do not represent performance obligations for which the transaction price would be allocated.

As of March 31, 2020, the remaining transaction price, consisting of upfront consideration received and budgeted reimbursable out-of-pocket costs, is expected to be recognized using an input method over the remaining research period of 30 months. None of the development and commercialization milestones were included in the transaction price, as all milestone amounts were not estimated to be met, are outside the control of the Company and contingent upon success in future clinical trials and the collaborator’s efforts. Any consideration related to sales-based royalties will be recognized when the related sales occur, provided that the reported sales are reliably measurable, and the Company has no remaining promised goods/services, as such sales were determined to relate predominantly to the license granted to Janssen and therefore have also been excluded from the transaction price.

Total deferred revenue as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 for Janssen was $5.9 million.

Collaboration Partner – Ultragenyx

In October 2015 the Company entered into a research collaboration and license agreement with Ultragenyx (the “Ultragenyx Agreement”), whereby Arcturus granted to Ultragenyx a co-exclusive license under Arcturus technology and shall be in effect only during the reserve target exclusivity term as discussed in the following paragraphs. This collaboration agreement was amended in 2017, 2018 and during the second quarter of 2019. During the initial phase of the collaboration, the Company will design and optimize therapeutics for certain rare disease targets. Ultragenyx has the option under the Ultragenyx Agreement to add additional rare disease targets during the collaborative development period. Additionally, during the collaborative development period, the Company will participate with Ultragenyx in a joint steering committee. The Ultragenyx Agreement also includes an initial exclusivity period with an option to extend this period.   

As part of the Ultragenyx Agreement and related amendments, Ultragenyx has paid $27.9 million in upfront fees, exclusivity extension fees and additional consideration. Ultragenyx also reimburses the Company for all internal and external development costs incurred, pursuant to the Ultragenyx Agreement, is required to make additional payments upon exercise of the Ultragenyx expansion option or exclusivity extension (if any) and if Ultragenyx achieves certain, clinical, regulatory and sales milestones, then the Company is eligible to receive royalty payments. For each development target for which Ultragenyx exercises its option, Ultragenyx will pay the

8


 

Company a one-time option exercise fee that increases based upon the number of development targets selected by Ultragenyx from $0.5 million to $1.5 million.

The current potential development, regulatory and commercial milestone payments for the existing development targets as of March 31, 2020 are $138.0 million. Ultragenyx will pay royalties as a single-digit percentage of net sales on a product-by-product and country-by-country basis during the applicable royalty term. As of March 31, 2020, Ultragenyx has not yet reached the clinical phase of the contract.

On June 18, 2019, Arcturus and Ultragenyx amended the collaboration agreement for a third time (“Amendment 3”). As part of Amendment 3, the total number of targets was increased from 10 to 12, and reserve targets will be exclusively reserved for Ultragenyx with no fees for four years after execution of the amendment. An equity component was also added as part of Amendment 3 wherein Ultragenyx purchased 2.4 million shares of common stock at a premium price. Along with the equity purchase, Ultragenyx received the option to purchase 0.6 million additional shares of common stock at $16 per share within two years of executing the amendment (Note 6).

The consideration received from Ultragenyx as a result of Amendment 3 was equal to $30.0 million and was comprised of a $24.0 million common stock purchase and a $6.0 million upfront payment. Specifically for Amendment 3, management determined the transaction price to be $14.4 million. See further discussion below regarding determining the transaction price. Management determined the fair value of the premium received by using the opening stock price subsequent to execution of Amendment 3 and applying a lack of marketability discount as the shares received by Ultragenyx are restricted for up to two years (subject to reduction upon the exercise of the option).  

In evaluating the Ultragenyx agreement in accordance with ASC Topic 606, the Company concluded that the contract counterparty, Ultragenyx, is a customer. The Company has identified the following promised goods/services as part of the initial agreement and subsequent amendments: (i) research services, (ii) license to use Arcturus technology, (iii) exclusivity and (iv) participation in the Joint Steering Committee. The Company concluded that the promised goods/services are incapable of being distinct and consequently do not have any value on a standalone basis. Accordingly, they are determined to represent a single performance obligation. The Company concluded that Ultragenyx’s options to extend exclusivity and options to select additional collaboration targets and to license rights to selected targets are not priced at a discount and therefore do not represent performance obligations for which the transaction price would be allocated.

At March 31, 2020, the transaction price included the upfront consideration received, exclusivity extension payments and additional consideration received pursuant to Amendment 3. The Company recognizes the reimbursement of labor and expenses as costs are incurred and none of the development and commercialization milestones were included in the transaction price, as all milestone amounts were fully constrained. As part of its evaluation of the constraint, the Company considered numerous factors, including that the consideration is outside the control of the Company and contingent upon success in future clinical trials, approval from the Food and Drug Administration and the collaborator’s efforts. Any consideration related to sales-based royalties will be recognized when the related sales occur as they are constrained, provided that the reported sales are reliably measurable and the Company has no remaining promised goods/services, as such sales were determined to relate predominantly to the license granted to Ultragenyx and therefore have also been excluded from the transaction price.

Amendment 3 was deemed a contract modification and accounted for as part of the original Ultragenyx Agreement and the Company recorded a cumulative catch-up adjustment of $1.1 million on the modification date. The transaction price will be recognized to revenue on a straight-line basis using an input method over the 4-year reserve target exclusivity period. The reserve target exclusivity period represents the timing over which promised goods/services will be provided. Total deferred revenue as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 from Ultragenyx was $11.8 million and $12.7 million, respectively.

Collaboration Partner – CureVac

In January 2018, the Company entered into a Development and Option Agreement with CureVac, (the “Development and Option Agreement”). Under the terms of the Development and Option Agreement, the parties agreed to conduct joint preclinical development programs once CureVac makes a payment to pull down a target on the basis of which CureVac is granted options for taking a license on pre-agreed license terms to develop and commercialize certain products incorporating the Company’s patents and know-how related to delivery technology (the LUNAR platform) (the “Arcturus Delivery Technology”), and CureVac patents and know-how related to mRNA technology. Subject to certain restrictions, the parties will have an undivided one-half interest in the patents and know-how developed jointly by the parties during the course of the Development and Option Agreement.  Pursuant to the terms of the Development and Option Agreement, CureVac will have a number of target options to co-develop from a reserved target list to enter into licenses under the Arcturus Delivery Technology with respect to the development, manufacture and commercialization of licensed products (which can include products identified for development by the Company, unless the Company is permitted by the terms of the Development and Option Agreement to place such products on a restricted list). A separate notice and fee will be required for each license agreement. If the target to which the license agreement relates is chosen by the parties for co-development under the Co-Development Agreement (as defined below and discussed in the following paragraph) the license

9


 

agreement will terminate as such programs will be covered under the Co-Development Agreement discussed below, and therefore CureVac will be given a credit for any exercise fees, milestone payments already paid and all other payments made in relation to the license agreement towards future such payments incurred with respect to future licenses under the Arcturus Delivery Technology.

Prior to expiration of the initial term of 8 years (which was subsequently amended, as discussed below), the Agreement also includes an option to extend the term on an annual basis for up to 3 years, subject to payment by CureVac to Arcturus of a non-refundable annual extension fee. The agreement included potential milestone payments for selected targets from CureVac to the Company. The current potential milestone payments for the remaining targets as of March 31, 2020 is $14.0 million for rare disease targets and $23.0 million for non-rare disease targets. CureVac will pay royalties as a percentage of net sales on a product-by-product and country-by-country basis during the applicable royalty term in the low single-digit range. As of March 31, 2020, CureVac has not yet reached the clinical phase of the contract. Pursuant to a May 2018 amendment to the Development and Option Agreement (as amended and restated on September 28, 2018), the Company increased the number of targets available to CureVac under the Development and Option Agreement and agreed upon the license forms to be executed upon selection of the targets by CureVac.

Concurrently with the Development and Option Agreement, the Company entered into a Co-Development and Co-Commercialization Agreement (the “Co-Development Agreement”) which the Company considered a combined contract with the Development and Option Agreement for purposes of revenue recognition. However, on February 11, 2019, the Company announced the termination of the obligations of CureVac for the preclinical development of ARCT-810, effective as of August 4, 2019 and the re-assumption by the Company of the worldwide rights thereto. As a result, Arcturus reassumed 100% global rights for clinical development candidate ARCT-810, a messenger RNA (mRNA) drug to treat ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency.

On July 26, 2019, the Company entered into an amendment (“CureVac Amendment”) to its Development and Option Agreement with CureVac (as amended, the “Development and Option Agreement”), pursuant to which the Company and CureVac agreed to shorten the time period during which CureVac may select potential targets to be licensed from the Company from eight years to four years, and to reduce the overall number of maximum targets to be reserved and licensed.

In connection with the July 2019 CureVac Amendment, the Company and CureVac also entered into a Termination Agreement (the “Termination Agreement”) terminating the January 1, 2018 Co-Development Agreement between the Company and CureVac. Pursuant to the Termination Agreement CureVac agreed to make a one-time payment to Arcturus in the amount of $4.0 million, which was made in July 2019.

In evaluating the CureVac Development and Option Agreement and Co-Development Agreement in accordance with ASC Topic 606, the Company concluded that the contract counterparty, CureVac, is a customer. The Company has identified the following promised goods/services as part of the initial agreement with CureVac and subsequent amendments: (i) research services, (ii) license to use Arcturus technology, (iii) exclusivity and (iv) participation in the Joint Steering Committee. The Company concluded that the promised goods/services are incapable of being distinct and consequently do not have any value on a standalone basis. Accordingly, they are determined to represent a single performance obligation. The Company concluded that CureVac’s options to extend the research term and options to select additional collaboration targets and to license rights to selected targets are not priced at a discount and therefore do not represent performance obligations for which the transaction price would be allocated.

At March 31, 2020, the transaction price included the upfront consideration received. The Company recognizes the reimbursement of labor and expenses as costs are incurred and none of the development and commercialization milestones were included in the transaction price, as all milestone amounts were fully constrained. As part of its evaluation of the constraint, the Company considered numerous factors, including that receipt of the milestones is outside the control of the Company and contingent upon success in future clinical trials and the collaborator’s efforts. Any consideration related to sales-based royalties will be recognized when the related sales occur as they are constrained, provided that the reported sales are reliably measurable and the Company has no remaining promised goods/services, as such sales were determined to relate predominantly to the license granted to CureVac and therefore have also been excluded from the transaction price. For the three months ended March 31, 2020, no adjustments were made to the transaction price.

The upfront consideration of $5.0 million was recorded as deferred revenue in the Company’s balance sheet upon receipt and is currently being recognized as revenue on a straight-line basis using an input method over the amended forty-six month contractual term as of March 31, 2020. As a result of Amendment 3, the Company recorded a cumulative catch up adjustment of $0.4 million on the modification date, July 26, 2019. Total deferred revenue as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 for CureVac was $3.0 million and $3.2 million, respectively. No adjustment was necessary upon adoption of Topic 606.

10


 

Other Collaboration Revenue

The remaining revenue from smaller collaboration agreements relates to the agreement with Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited (“Takeda”). Under the agreement with Takeda, the Company recognized $0.5 million related to amortization of an upfront payment during the first quarter of 2020 related to research and development activities. The current agreement was entered into on March 18, 2019 and is expected to be completed by the end of 2020.

Note 3. Fair Value Measurements

The Company establishes the fair value of its assets and liabilities using the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The Company establishes a fair value hierarchy based on the inputs used to measure fair value.

The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are as follows:

Level 1:  Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2:  Inputs, other than the quoted prices in active markets, that are observable either directly or indirectly.

Level 3:  Unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists and are therefore determined using estimates and assumptions developed by the Company, which reflect those that a market participant would use.

The carrying value of cash, restricted cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and accrued liabilities approximate their respective fair values due to their relative short maturities. The carrying amounts of long-term debt for the amount drawn on the Company’s debt facility approximates fair value as the interest rate is variable and reflects current market rates.  

As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, all assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis consisted of cash equivalents and money market funds, which were classified within Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy. The fair value of these financial instruments was measured based on quoted prices.

Note 4. Balance Sheet Details

Prepaid expenses and other current assets consisted of the following as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019:

 

(in thousands)

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Prepaid expenses

 

$

1,344

 

 

$

720

 

Other current assets

 

 

593

 

 

 

38

 

Total

 

$

1,937

 

 

$

758

 

 

Property and equipment, net for the same periods consisted of the following:

 

(in thousands)

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Research equipment

 

$

4,045

 

 

$

3,658

 

Computers and software

 

 

271

 

 

 

271

 

Office equipment and furniture

 

 

574

 

 

 

561

 

Leasehold improvements

 

 

44

 

 

 

40

 

Total

 

 

4,934

 

 

 

4,530

 

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

 

(2,363

)

 

 

(2,181

)

Property and equipment, net

 

$

2,571

 

 

$

2,349

 

 

Depreciation and amortization expense was $0.2 million and $0.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

11


 

Accrued liabilities consisted of the following as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019:

 

(in thousands)

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Accrued compensation

 

$

1,635

 

 

$

1,608

 

Cystic Fibrosis Foundation Liability (Note 9)

 

 

1,921

 

 

 

1,949

 

Current portion of operating lease liability

 

 

1,474

 

 

 

827

 

Other accrued research and development expenses

 

 

4,745

 

 

 

2,750

 

Total

 

$

9,775

 

 

$

7,134

 

 

Note 5. Debt

Long-term debt with Western Alliance Bank

On October 12, 2018, the Company entered into a Loan and Security Agreement with Western Alliance Bank (the “Bank”), whereby the Company received $10.0 million under a long-term debt agreement (the “Loan”).

The Loan is collateralized by all of the assets of the Company, excluding intellectual property, which is subject to a negative pledge. The Loan contains customary conditions of borrowing, events of default and covenants, including covenants that restrict the Company’s ability to dispose of assets, merge with or acquire other entities, incur indebtedness and make distributions to holders of the Company’s capital stock. In addition, the Company is required to maintain at least 100% of its consolidated, unrestricted cash, or $15 million, whichever is lower, with the Bank.

On October 30, 2019, the Company and the Bank entered into a Third Amendment (the “Third Amendment”) to the Loan and Security Agreement dated as of October 12, 2018 (as amended, the “Loan Agreement”).  

Pursuant to the amendment, the Bank agreed to make a term loan to the Company on October 30, 2019, in the amount of $15 million (the “Term Loan”). The resulting net increase in the indebtedness of the Company was $5.0 million. The Term Loan bears interest at a floating rate ranging from 1.25% to 2.75% above the prime rate. The amendment further provides that the Term Loan has a maturity date of October 30, 2023. The Company shall make monthly payments of interest only until the interest-only end date of October 1, 2021. 

The Company paid a loan origination fee of $54,000 which was recorded as a debt discount along with the remaining loan origination fee from the Loan and is being accreted over the term of the Term Loan. In addition, the Company is required to pay a fee of $525,000 upon certain change of control events.

The Term Loan may be prepaid in full at any time, provided that a prepayment fee is required to be paid by the Company upon prepayment. The prepayment fee ranges from 0.50% to 2.00% of the prepaid principal amount depending upon the date on which the prepayment is made. In connection with the Third Amendment, the Company guaranteed the obligations under the Loan Agreement and pledged substantially all of its assets as security under the Loan Agreement.

The Term Loan also includes covenants which includes the Company’s submission of a clinical candidate for IND application made to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration by May 31, 2020 and have it accepted by June 30, 2020. This covenant has been satisfied.

Upon maturity or prepayment (as previously discussed), the Company will be required to pay a 2% fee as a result of the FDA’s approval to proceed with the Company’s the LUNAR-OTC (ARCT-810) program based on its IND submission. Such fee is accreted to the debt balance using the effective interest method over the term of the Loan Agreement.

Should an event of default occur, including the occurrence of a material adverse effect, the Company could be liable for immediate repayment of all obligations under the Loan Agreement. As of March 31, 2020, the Company was in compliance with all covenants under the Loan Agreement.

Principal payments, including the final payment due at repayment, on the long-term debt for fiscal years 2021, 2022 and 2023 are $4.0 million, $6.0 million and $5.5 million, respectively, with no principal payments due in 2020.

The Company recognized interest expense related to its long-term debt of $0.3 million and $0.2 million during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

 

12


 

Note 6. Stockholders’ Equity

Restricted Common Shares

In March 2013, the founders of the Company purchased 2,783,686 shares of common stock for $0.0068 per share. Of the shares purchased, 1,538,353 were subject to a repurchase option whereby the Company has an option for two months after date of termination of service to repurchase any or all of the unvested shares at the original purchase price per share. The repurchase option shall be deemed to be automatically exercised by the Company as of the end of the two-month period unless the Company notifies the purchaser that it does not intend to exercise its option. The shares will be vested (1) 25% after obtaining suitable siRNA license; (2) 25% after in vivo proof-of-concept achieved; (3) 25% after a regulatory agency new drug application (such as an Investigational New Drug application) is filed and the study is allowed to proceed by the applicable regulatory agency; and (4) 25% after human biological proof-of-concept is achieved. The Company met the first two milestones during 2013 and 2014 leaving an unvested balance of 769,176 shares. In 2017, the stock purchase agreements were amended to clarify vesting conditions and also to accelerate the vesting of 146,510 shares resulting in a modification expense of $1,495,000. As of March 31, 2020 and 2019, there were 622,667 shares of common stock unvested and subject to the repurchase option. The Company met the third milestone during April 2020, and as of May 1, 2020, there were 311,333 shares of common stock currently unvested that are subject to the final repurchase option.

Net Loss per Share 

Dilutive securities that were not included in the calculation of diluted net loss per share for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 as they were anti-dilutive totaled 316,957 and 67,051, respectively.

For the quarters ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the calculation of the weighted-average number of shares outstanding excludes unvested restricted shares of common stock of 622,667.

Note 7. Share-Based Compensation

In August 2018, the Company adopted the 2018 Omnibus Equity Incentive Plan (“2018 Plan”). Under the 2018 Plan, the Company was authorized to issue up to a maximum of 1,100,000 shares of common stock pursuant to the exercise of incentive stock options or other awards provided for therein. In June 2019, the Company adopted the 2019 Omnibus Equity Incentive Plan (“2019 Plan”), which was ratified by stockholders at the Company’s 2019 annual meeting. Under the 2019 Plan, the Company is authorized to issue up to a maximum of 2,600,000 shares of common stock pursuant to the exercise of incentive stock options or other awards provided for therein.  In connection with the Redomiciliation, all outstanding options to purchase shares in Arcturus Israel under the above described plans were exchanged for an option to purchase the same number of shares of the Company’s common stock under the 2019 Plan. Accordingly, as of March 31, 2020, a total of 353,332 shares remain available for future issuance under the 2019 Plan, and no further shares will be issued under the 2018 Plan.

Stock Options

Share-based compensation expenses included in the Company’s condensed statements of operations and comprehensive loss for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 were:

 

 

 

For the Three Months

Ended March 31,

 

 

(in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

 

2019

 

 

Research and development

 

$

266

 

 

 

$

152

 

 

General and administrative

 

 

583

 

 

 

 

247

 

 

Total

 

$

849

 

 

 

$

399

 

 

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Note 8. Income Taxes

The Company is subject to taxation in the United States and various states. The Company computes its quarterly income tax provision by using a forecasted annual effective tax rate and adjusts for any discrete items arising during the quarter. The primary difference between the effective tax rate and the federal statutory tax rate relates to the valuation allowances on the Company’s net operating losses.  No tax benefit was provided for losses incurred in the United States because those losses are offset by a full valuation allowance.

For the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recorded income tax expense of $0 million.  No tax benefit was provided for losses incurred in United States because those losses are offset by a full valuation allowance.

On March 27, 2020, the United States enacted the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (CARES Act).  The Cares Act is an emergency economic stimulus package that includes spending and tax breaks to strengthen the United States economy and fund a nationwide effort to curtail the effect of COVID-19.  While the CARES Act provides sweeping tax changes in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, some of the more significant provisions which are expected to impact the Company’s financial statements include removal of certain limitations on utilization of net operating losses, increasing the loss carryback period for certain losses to five years, and increasing the ability to deduct interest expense, as well as amending certain provisions of the previously enacted Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. As of the quarter ended March 31, 2020 the Company has estimated that the impact of the CARES Act will be immaterial to its tax position.  Due to the recent enactment of the CARES Act, the Company will continue to analyze the impact that the CARES Act will have in subsequent quarters on its financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Note 9. Commitments and Contingencies

COVID-19 Vaccine Development

On March 4, 2020, the Company was awarded a grant (the “Grant”) from the Singapore Economic Development Board to support the co-development of a potential COVID-19 vaccine with the Duke-NUS Medical School. The Grant provides for up to S$14.0 million (approximately US$10 million using the March 2, 2020 exchange rate) in grants to support the development of the vaccine. A portion of the Grant will be paid by the Economic Development Board in advance and the remainder of the Grant will be paid to the Company upon the achievement of certain milestones related to the progress of the development of the vaccine, as set forth in the award agreement. The funds received will be recognized as contra research and development expense in proportion to the percentage covered by the Economic Development Board of the overall budget. The Company is liable for certain expenses during the program period and any unused funds are required to be repaid upon completion of the program. For the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recognized $0.5 million of contra expense.

Cystic Fibrosis Foundation Agreement

On August 1, 2019, the Company amended its Development Program Letter Agreement, dated May 16, 2017 and as amended July 13, 2018, with the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation (“CFF”). Pursuant to the amendment, (i) CFF increased the amount it will award to advance LUNAR-CF to $15.0 million from approximately $3.2 million, (ii) the Company will provide $5.0 million in matching funds for remaining budgeted costs and (iii) the related disbursement schedule from CFF to Arcturus was modified such that (a) $4.0 million was disbursed upon execution of the CFF Amendment, (b) $2.0 million will be disbursed within 30 days of the first day of each of January, April, July and October 2020 upon Arcturus invoicing CFF to meet project goals, and (c) the last payment of $3.0 million less the prior award previously paid out, equaling approximately $2.3 million, will be disbursed upon Arcturus Therapeutics, Inc. invoicing CFF to meet good manufacturing practices and opening an Investigational New Drug (“IND”) application. The funds received from CFF will be recognized as contra research and development expense in proportion to the percentage covered by CFF of the overall budget. For the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recognized $2.0 million of contra expense with $1.9 million remaining in accrued expenses.

Leases

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In October 2017, the Company entered into a non-cancellable operating lease agreement for office space adjacent to its previously occupied headquarters. The commencement of the lease began in March 2018 and the lease extends for approximately 84 months from the commencement date with a remaining lease term through March 2025. Monthly rental payments are due under the lease and there are escalating rent payments during the term of the lease. The Company is also responsible for its proportional share of operating expenses of the building and common areas. In conjunction with the new lease, the Company received free rent for four months and received a tenant improvement allowance of $74,000. The lease may be extended for one five-year period at the then current market rate with annual escalations; however, the Company deemed the extension option not reasonably certain to be exercised and therefore excluded the option from the lease terms. The Company entered into an irrevocable standby letter of credit with the landlord for a security deposit of $96,000 upon executing the lease which is included (along with additional funds required to secure the letter of credit) in the balance of non-current restricted cash.

In January 2020, the Company entered into a non-cancellable operating lease agreement for office space near its current headquarters. The commencement of the lease began in February 2020 and the lease extends for 13 months from the commencement date. In conjunction with the new lease, the Company received free rent for one month. The lease may be extended for one twelve-month period; however, the Company deemed the extension option not reasonably certain to be exercised and therefore excluded the option from the lease terms.

Operating lease right-of-use asset and liability on the condensed consolidated balance sheets represent the present value of remaining lease payments over the remaining lease terms. The Company does not allocate lease payments to non-lease components; therefore, payments for common-area-maintenance and administrative services are not included in the operating lease right-of-use asset and liability. The Company uses its incremental borrowing rate to calculate the present value of the lease payments, as the implicit rate in the lease is not readily determinable.

As of March 31, 2020, the payments of the operating lease liability were as follows:

 

(in thousands)

 

Remaining Lease Payments

 

2020 (remaining)

 

$

1,489

 

2021

 

 

1,427

 

2022

 

 

1,349

 

2023

 

 

1,390

 

2024

 

 

1,432

 

Thereafter

 

 

314

 

Total remaining lease payments

 

 

7,401

 

Less: imputed interest

 

 

(1,298

)

Total operating lease liabilities

 

$

6,103

 

Weighted-average remaining lease term

 

4.7 years

 

Weighted-average discount rate

 

 

8.4

%

 

Operating lease costs consist of the fixed lease payments included in operating lease liability and are recorded on a straight-line basis over the lease terms. Operating lease costs were $0.4 million and $0.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

15


 

Note 10. Related Party Transactions

Ultragenyx

In June 2019, Arcturus and Ultragenyx executed Amendment 3 to the Ultragenyx Agreement. In addition, as a result of the amended Ultragenyx Agreement, Ultragenyx owns 15.8% of the outstanding common stock of the Company as of March 31, 2020. Pursuant to the amended Ultragenyx Agreement, the Company also granted Ultragenyx a two-year option (the “Option”) to purchase up to 600,000 additional shares of common stock at a price of $16.00 per share. For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company has recognized revenue of $0.9 million and $1.4 million. As of March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company held accounts receivable balances of negligible amounts.

Equity-Method Investment

In June 2018, the Company completed the sale of its intangible asset related to the ADAIR technology. Pursuant to the asset purchase agreement for ADAIR, the Company received a 30% ownership interest in the common stock of a privately held company in consideration for the sale of the ADAIR technology. The Company has no requirement to invest further in this private company. During the third quarter of 2019, the equity-method investee issued shares of its common stock at a share price greater than the initial investment which resulted in the Company recording a gain in its equity-method investment. The gain has been offset by additional losses incurred by the equity-method investee and calculated on a lag. For the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recorded a loss of $0.2 million. Subsequent to the equity-method investee issuing shares of its common stock, the Company’s ownership was reduced to 19%. As the Company continues to have the ability to exercise significant influence over the operating and financial policies of the investee, the Company will continue to account for the investment as an equity-method investment.

Note 11. Subsequent Events

Acceptance of Investigational New Drug Application for ARCT-810

In April 2020, the Company’s IND application for a Phase 1b study in patients with OTC deficiency was deemed allowed to proceed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, and an additional Clinical Trial Application for a Phase 1 study in healthy volunteers was approved by the New Zealand Medicines and Medical Devices Safety Authority.

Underwritten Public Offering of Common Stock

See discussion of underwritten public offering of common stock at Note 1.

 

16


 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

The following is a discussion of the financial condition and results of operations of Arcturus Therapeutics Holdings Inc. for the three-month period ended March 31, 2020. Unless otherwise specified herein, references to the “Company,” “Arcturus,” “we,” “our” and “us” mean Arcturus Therapeutics Holdings Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries from and after the effective time of the Redomiciliation and, prior to that time, to our predecessor, Arcturus Therapeutics Ltd. You should read the following discussion and analysis together with the interim condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere herein. For additional information relating to our management’s discussion and analysis of financial conditions and results of operations, please see our Annual Report on Form 10‑K for the year ended December 31, 2019 (the “2019 Annual Report”), which was filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) on March 16, 2020. Unless otherwise defined herein, capitalized words and expressions used herein shall have the same meanings ascribed to them in the 2019 Annual Report.

This report includes forward-looking statements which, although based on assumptions that we consider reasonable, are subject to risks and uncertainties which could cause actual events or conditions to differ materially from those currently anticipated and expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements.

You should read this report and the documents that we reference in this report and have filed as exhibits to this report completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect. You should also review the factors and risks we describe in the reports we will file or submit from time to time with the Commission after the date of this report. We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements.

Overview

We are a clinical-stage messenger RNA medicines company focused on the development of infectious disease vaccines utilizing our Self-Transcribing and Replicating RNA (“STARR”) technology and significant opportunities in liver and respiratory rare diseases. In addition to our internal mRNA platform, our proprietary lipid nanoparticle delivery system, LUNAR, may enable multiple nucleic acid medicines. The genetic medicines industry is constantly struggling to identify non-viral delivery solutions for large RNA molecules to different cell types. Our LUNAR delivery technology is lipid mediated – and non-viral. LUNAR is versatile, compatible with various types of RNA -- and has been shown to deliver large RNA to different cell types including liver hepatocytes, liver stellate cells, muscle cells (myocytes), and lung cells (including bronchial epithelial cells).

Our activities since inception have consisted principally of performing research and development activities, general and administrative activities and raising capital to fund those efforts. Our activities are subject to significant risks and uncertainties, including failing to secure additional funding before we achieve sustainable revenues and profit from operations.  Our company is subject to many of the risks common with an early-stage biotechnology company, including, but not limited to, dependence on key personnel, protection of proprietary technology and the ability to obtain future capital to fund ongoing operations and clinical development.   

Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this Report and our audited financial statements and related notes for the year ended December 31, 2019. Our historical results of operations and the year-to-year comparisons of our results of operations that follow are not necessarily indicative of future results.

Collaboration Revenue

We enter into arrangements with pharmaceutical and biotechnology partners that may contain upfront payments, license fees for research and development arrangements, research and development funding, milestone payments, option exercise fees and royalties on future sales. The following table summarizes our total revenues for the periods indicated (in thousands):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

2019 to 2020

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

$ change

 

 

% change

 

Collaboration revenue

 

$

2,646

 

 

$

4,350

 

 

$

(1,704

)

 

 

-39.2

%

 

Collaboration revenue decreased by $1.7 million during the three months ended March 31, 2020 as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2019. The decrease in collaboration revenue primarily relates to decreased revenue of $1.6 million from reimbursements from CureVac associated with the OTC collaboration that ended in the second quarter of 2019. The remaining $0.1 million decrease was due to decreases in revenue recognition for research and development funding from collaboration partners.

 

17


 

Our operating expenses consist of research and development and general and administrative expenses.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

2019 to 2020

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

$ change

 

 

% change

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development, net

 

$

7,917

 

 

$

7,324

 

 

$

593

 

 

 

8.1

%

General and administrative

 

 

4,191

 

 

 

3,534

 

 

 

657

 

 

 

18.6

%

Total

 

$

12,108

 

 

$

10,858

 

 

$

1,250

 

 

 

11.5

%

 

The following table presents our total research and development expenses by category:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

2019 to 2020

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

$ change

 

 

% change

 

External pipeline development expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LUNAR-OTC (ARCT-810)

 

$

3,692

 

 

$

3,729

 

 

$

(37

)

 

 

-1.0

%

LUNAR-CF, net

 

 

336

 

 

 

191

 

 

 

145

 

 

 

75.9

%

LUNAR-COVID, net

 

 

131

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

131

 

 

 

100.0

%

Discovery technologies

 

 

481

 

 

 

598

 

 

 

(117

)

 

 

-19.6

%

External platform development expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Partnered discovery technologies

 

 

371

 

 

 

305

 

 

 

66

 

 

 

21.6

%

Total development expenses

 

$

5,011

 

 

$

4,823

 

 

$

188

 

 

 

3.9

%

Personnel related expenses

 

$

2,203

 

 

$

2,076

 

 

$

127

 

 

 

6.1

%

Facilities and equipment expenses

 

 

703

 

 

 

425

 

 

 

278

 

 

 

65.4

%

Total research and development

   expenses, net

 

$

7,917

 

 

$

7,324

 

 

$

593

 

 

 

8.1

%

 

Research and Development Expenses, net

Our development expenses consist primarily of external manufacturing costs, in-vivo research studies performed by contract research organizations, clinical and regulatory consultants, and laboratory supplies related to conducting research and development activities.

The IND for our LUNAR-OTC (ARCT-810) program was deemed allowed to proceed by the FDA in April 2020. During the first quarter of 2019, we began ramping up the LUNAR-OTC program in preparation for IND submission. As our IND application was submitted near the end of the first quarter of 2020, the program costs remained relatively consistent for the three months ended March 31, 2020 as compared to 2019. 

Lunar-CF expenses increased by $0.1 million, from $0.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 to $0.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The current quarter amount was partially offset with funds awarded by the CFF. The increase in LUNAR-CF expenses during 2020 was due primarily to increased research and development cost incurred in association with the amendment to the CFF Agreement executed in July 2019, and we expect that our development efforts and associated costs will increase over the next year as the LUNAR-CF program moves toward expected IND submission in 2021.

The LUNAR-COVID program was initiated in the first quarter of 2020 and generated $0.1 million of expenses. The program is expected to enter human clinical trials during the third quarter of 2020. This amount was partially offset with funds awarded by the Economic Development Board of Singapore. We expect that our development efforts and our portion of the costs to increase in the foreseeable future as we advance this program.

Discovery technologies represents our efforts to expand our product pipeline and are expected to continually increase over the near future. However, during the three months ended March 31, 2020 as compared to 2019, our costs decreased by $0.1 million, as we focused our efforts on the advancement of our LUNAR-OTC (ARCT-810) and LUNAR-COVID programs.   

Within our platform development expenses, our partnered discovery expenses with our current partners are expected to fluctuate based on the needs of our collaboration partners. During the three months ended March 31, 2020 as compared to the prior period in 2019, expenses increased by $0.1 million as a result of the stage of each program in which our collaboration partners are currently working.

Personnel related expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2020 increased by $0.1 million as compared to 2019. This increase was associated with increased headcount necessary to advance our external pipeline and platform efforts. During the quarter ended March 31, 2020, the expense amount was offset by $0.8 million of funds received from CFF and $0.2 million of funds received from the Singapore Economic Development Board. We expect to continue to expand our headcount as our research and development activities expand.     

18


 

Facilities and equipment expenses increased by $0.3 million during the three months ended March 31, 2020 as compared to 2019. The increase resulted primarily from higher rent and related costs associated with our second facility lease that we entered into in February 2020.

General and Administrative Expenses

General and administrative expenses consist primarily of salaries and related benefits for our executive, administrative and accounting functions and professional service fees for legal and accounting services as well as other general and administrative expenses.

General and administrative expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2020 as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2019 increased by $0.7 million. The increase resulted primarily from personnel expense due to increased headcount.

Finance (expense) income, net

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

2019 to 2020

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

$ change

 

 

% change

 

Interest income

 

$

102

 

 

$

115

 

 

$

(13

)

 

 

-11.3

%

Interest expense

 

 

(254

)

 

 

(203

)

 

 

(51

)

 

 

25.1

%

Total

 

$

(152

)

 

$

(88

)

 

$

(64

)

 

 

72.7

%

 

Interest income is generated on cash and cash equivalents, and decreased for the three months ended March 31, 2020 as compared to the prior year period as a result of reduced investments. Interest expense was incurred in conjunction with our Loan and Security Agreement with Western Alliance Bank, and increased for the three months ended March 31, 2020 as compared to the prior year period as a result of a $5.0 million increase in our long-term debt balance.

Off-balance sheet arrangements

Through March 31, 2020, we have not entered into and did not have any relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial collaborations, such as entities often referred to as structured finance or special purpose entities, established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements or other contractually narrow or limited purposes.

Contractual obligations

See Note 5 for a summary of changes in the long-term debt position of the Company as of March 31, 2020.

As of March 31, 2020, we have non-cancelable contractual obligations totaling approximately $7.4 million.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

We are a clinical stage bioscience company that is dependent on obtaining external equity and debt financings to fund our operations. We expect to continue to incur losses and utilize significant cash resources until we successfully develop a new successful drug.  Our ability to transition to become profitable in the near future is dependent on the success of our COVID-19 vaccine, and in later years mRNA drug or vaccine candidates for OTC deficiency, cystic fibrosis and other possible mRNA drugs or vaccine candidates that are currently in the initial phase of development

Historically, our major sources of cash have been comprised of proceeds from collaboration partners, various public and private offerings of our common stock, option and warrant exercises, and interest income. From inception through March 31, 2020, we raised approximately $210.4 million in gross proceeds from various public and private offerings of our common stock, debt issuances, collaboration agreements, and the merger with Alcobra.

As of March 31, 2020, we had approximately $59.6 million in cash, restricted cash and cash equivalents. During April 2020, the Company raised additional capital of approximately $75.5 million through an underwritten public offering. In addition, the Company has borrowed $15.0 million through its facility with Western Alliance Bank.

19


 

Overview

The following table shows a summary of our cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 (in thousands):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Cash provided by (used in):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating activities

 

$

(11,858

)

 

$

(5,411

)

Investing activities

 

 

(142

)

 

 

(78

)

Financing activities

 

 

118

 

 

 

 

Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

$

(11,882

)

 

$

(5,489

)

 

Operating Activities

Our primary use of cash is to fund operating expenses, which consist mainly of research and development expenditures and general and administrative expenditures. We have incurred significant losses which have been partially offset by cash received through our collaboration agreements, equity offerings and 2017 merger. Cash received under the collaboration agreements can vary from year to year depending on the terms of the agreements and work performed. These changes in cash flows primarily relate to the timing of cash receipts for upfront payments, reimbursable expenses and achievement of milestones under these collaborative agreements. 

Net cash used in operating activities was $11.9 million on a net loss of $9.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to net cash used of $5.4 million on a net loss of $6.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019. Adjustments for non-cash charges, including share-based compensation, depreciation and amortization, interest expense and loss from equity-method investment were $1.4 million and $1.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Changes in working capital resulted in adjustments to operating net cash outflows of $3.5 million and inflows of $0.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and were primarily driven by decreases in accounts payable and deferred revenue as well as increases in prepaid expenses and other assets partly offset by increases in accrued expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

Investing Activities

Net cash used in investing activities of $0.1 million for each of the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, reflected cash used to purchase property and equipment.

Financing Activities

Net cash provided by financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2020 reflected proceeds from the exercise of stock options of $0.1 million. No cash was provided or used by financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2019.

Funding Requirements

We anticipate that we will continue to generate annual net losses for the foreseeable future, and we expect the losses to increase as we continue the development of, and seek regulatory approvals for, our product candidates, and begin commercialization of our products. As a result, we will require additional capital to fund our operations in order to support our long-term plans. The Company intends to seek additional capital through equity and/or debt financings, collaborative or other funding arrangements with partners or through other sources of financing. Should we seek additional financing from outside sources, we may not be able to raise such financing on terms acceptable to us or at all. If we are unable to raise additional capital when required or on acceptable terms, we may be required to scale back or discontinue the advancement of product candidates, reduce headcount, liquidate our assets, file for bankruptcy, reorganize, merge with another entity, or cease operations. 

Our future funding requirements are difficult to forecast and will depend on many factors, including the following:

 

the achievement of milestones under our strategic alliance agreements;  

 

the terms and timing of any other strategic alliance, licensing and other arrangements that we may establish;  

 

the initiation, progress, timing and completion of preclinical studies and clinical trials for our product candidates;  

 

the number and characteristics of product candidates that we pursue;  

 

the outcome, timing and cost of regulatory approvals;  

 

delays that may be caused by changing regulatory requirements;  

20


 

 

the cost and timing of hiring new employees to support our continued growth;  

 

the costs involved in filing and prosecuting patent applications and enforcing and defending patent claims;  

 

the costs and timing of procuring clinical and commercial supplies of our product candidates;  

 

the costs and timing of establishing sales, marketing and distribution capabilities;

 

the costs associated with legal proceedings; and

 

the extent to which we acquire or invest in businesses, products or technologies.

During April 2020, the Company raised additional capital of approximately $75.5 million through an underwritten public offering. In addition, the Company has borrowed $15 million through its facility with Western Alliance Bank.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

We prepare our condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP. As such, we make certain estimates, judgements and assumptions that we believe are reasonable, based upon information available to us. These judgements involve making estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain and may significantly impact our results of operations and financial condition. We describe our significant accounting policies more fully in Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2019.

The following are our significant accounting policies which we believe are the most critical to aid in fully understanding and evaluating our reported financial results. 

Revenue Recognition

Research and development revenue under collaborative agreements

We recognize collaboration revenue from several collaboration agreements. Our collaboration agreements typically contain promised goods and services, including technology licenses or options to obtain technology licenses, research and development services, and manufacturing services. Upon entering into a collaboration agreement, we are required to make the following judgements:

Identifying the performance obligations contained in the agreement

Our assessment of what constitutes a separate performance obligation requires us to apply judgement. Specifically, we are required to identify which goods and services we are required to provide under the contract are distinct, if any.

Determining the transaction price, including any variable consideration

To determine the transaction price, we review the amount of consideration we are eligible to earn under the agreement. We do not typically include any payments we may receive in the future in our initial transaction price since the payments are typically not probable as they are contingent upon certain future events that are uncertain or out of our control.

We are required to reassess the total transaction price at each reporting period to determine if we should include additional payments that have become probable in the transaction price.

Allocating the transaction price to each of our performance obligations

If we were to allocate the transaction price to more than one performance obligation, we would make estimates of the relative stand-alone selling price of each performance obligation, as it is not typical for us to sell our goods or services on a stand-alone basis. The estimate of the relative stand-alone selling price would require us to make significant judgements. To date, we have not entered into a collaboration agreement with more than one performance obligation.  

The collaboration revenue we recognize each period is comprised of several types of revenue, including amortization from upfront payments, milestone payments, option exclusivity fees and other services. Each of these types of revenue require us to make various judgements and estimates.

21


 

Amortization from Upfront Payments

For certain agreements, we recognize revenue from the amortization of upfront payments as we perform research and development services. We use an input method to estimate the amount of revenue to recognize each period. This method requires us to make estimates of the total costs we expect to incur in order to complete our promised research and development services or the total length of time it will take us to complete our promised research and development services. If we change our estimates, we may have to adjust our revenue.

Milestone Payments

When recognizing revenue related to milestone payments, we typically judge and estimate whether the milestone payment is probable (discussed in detail above under “Determining the transaction price, including any variable consideration”).

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

Our primary exposure to market risk is interest income and expense sensitivity and foreign currency exchange rates. Interest income and expense sensitivity is affected by changes in the general level of interest rates in the United States. Foreign exchange market risks relate to the Grant from the Singapore Economic Development Board which is discussed in this Quarterly Report in “Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, Note 1. Description of Business.” When deemed appropriate, we may manage our exposure to foreign exchange market risks through the use of derivative financial instruments. We may utilize such derivative financial instruments for hedging or risk management purposes. Due to the nature of our cash and cash equivalents and our evaluation of the potential impact of foreign currency exchange rates, we believe that we are not currently subject to any material market risk exposure.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

As required by Rule 13a-15(b) and Rule 15d-15(b) of the Exchange Act, our management, including our principal executive officer, our principal financial officer and our principal accounting officer, conducted an evaluation as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures. Based on that evaluation, management has concluded that as of March 31, 2020, the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level and we believe the condensed consolidated financial statements included in this Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020 fairly present, in all material respects, our financial position, results of operations, comprehensive loss, statements of stockholders’ equity and cash flows for the periods presented in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

As required by Rule 13a-15(d) and Rule 15d-15(d) of the Exchange Act, our management, including our principal executive officer, our principal financial officer and our principal accounting officer, conducted an evaluation of the internal control over financial reporting to determine whether any other changes occurred during the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting. Based on that evaluation, our principal executive officer, principal financial officer and principal accounting officer concluded that there were no changes in our internal controls over financial reporting during the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that materially affected, or were reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

22


 

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings.

On December 13, 2019, a former employee of the Company filed a complaint in San Diego County Superior Court, captioned Adonary Munoz v. Arcturus Therapeutics, Inc., et al, Case No. 37-2019-00066358-CU-PO-CTL. The lawsuit alleges sexual assault by an acquaintance of one of our employees and seeks to hold the Company liable on a number of causes of action. On January 17, 2020, a second amended complaint (“SAC”) was filed seeking $30.0 million in damages, including punitive damages and damages for emotional distress. The plaintiff has agreed to stipulate to arbitration for the claims being alleged against the Company. The Company believes the allegations of Ms. Munoz against the Company in her complaint are without merit, and intends to vigorously defend itself in the foregoing action. However, in light of the preliminary stage of the litigation, the Company is unable to estimate a potential loss or range of losses relating to this matter.

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

Our business is subject to various risks, including those described in Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, which we strongly encourage you to review. Other than as set forth below, there have been no material changes to the risk factors described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 filed with the SEC on March 16, 2020.

Our pursuit of a COVID-19 vaccine candidate is at an early stage. We may be unable to produce a vaccine that successfully prevents infection from the virus in a timely manner, if at all, and preliminary data may not be indicative of future success.

In response to the global outbreak of coronavirus, in March 2020, we entered into a partnership with Duke-NUS Medical School in Singapore to develop a novel coronavirus (COVID-19) vaccine for Singapore. Our development of the vaccine is in early stages, and we may be unable to produce a vaccine that successfully prevents infection from the virus in a timely manner, if at all. We are also committing financial resources and personnel to the development of a COVID-19 vaccine which may cause delays in or otherwise negatively impact our other development programs, despite uncertainties surrounding the longevity and extent of coronavirus as a global health concern. Our business could be negatively impacted by our allocation of significant resources to a global health threat that is unpredictable and could rapidly dissipate or against which our vaccine, if developed, may not be partially or fully effective. In addition, a substantial number of companies, individuals and institutions are working to develop a vaccine, many of which have substantially greater financial, scientific and other resources than us, and another party may be successful in producing a more efficacious vaccine or other treatment for COVID-19 which may also lead to the diversion of governmental and quasi-governmental funding away from us and toward other companies, and lead to demand being driven away from our product, even if developed. Finally, even though we may report preliminary pre-clinical or other data that could appear to be positive, no assurance can be given that any product candidate will be safe in humans or prove to be effective once trials commence. We will not be able to commercialize or market the product candidate unless and until we are able to demonstrate that our vaccine candidate is safe and effective in humans.

It is possible that one or more government entities may take actions that directly or indirectly have a negative effect on our opportunities. If we were to develop a COVID-19 vaccine, the economic value of such a vaccine to us could be limited.

Various government entities, including the U.S. government, are offering incentives, grants and contracts to encourage additional investment by commercial organizations into preventative and therapeutic agents against coronavirus, which may have the effect of increasing the number of competitors and/or providing advantages to known competitors. Accordingly, there can be no assurance that we will be able to successfully establish a competitive market share for our COVID-19 vaccine, if any.

The recent coronavirus outbreak has caused interruptions or delays of our business plan and may have a significant adverse effect on our business.

In December 2019, a strain of coronavirus, COVID-19, was reported to have surfaced in Wuhan, China, and on March 12, 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 to be a pandemic. In an effort to contain and mitigate the spread of COVID-19, many countries, including the United States, Canada and China, have imposed unprecedented restrictions on travel, quarantines, and other public health safety measures. The extent to which the pandemic may impact our business will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, but the development of clinical supply materials could be delayed and enrollment of patients in our study for LUNAR-OTC and LUNAR-COV19 may be delayed or suspended, as hospitals and clinics in areas where we are conducting trials shift resources to cope with the COVID-19 pandemic and may limit access or close clinical facilities due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Additionally, if our trial participants are unable to travel to our clinical study sites as a result of quarantines or other restrictions resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, we may experience higher drop-out rates or delays in our clinical studies.

23


 

Government-imposed quarantines and restrictions may also require us to temporarily terminate our clinical sites. Furthermore, if we determine that our trial participants may suffer from exposure to COVID-19 as a result of their participation in our clinical trials, we may voluntarily terminate certain clinical sites as a safety measure until we reasonably believe that the likelihood of exposure has subsided. As a result, our expected development timelines for our product candidates may be negatively impacted. We cannot predict the ultimate impact of the COVID-19 pandemic as consequences of such an event are highly uncertain and subject to change. We do not yet know the full extent of potential delays or impacts on our business, our clinical studies or as a whole; however, the COVID-19 outbreak may materially disrupt or delay our business operations, further divert the attention and efforts of the medical community to coping with COVID-19, disrupt the marketplace in which we operate, and/or have a material adverse effect on our operations.

Moreover, the various precautionary measures taken by many governmental authorities around the world in order to limit the spread of the coronavirus has had and may continue to have an adverse effect on the global markets and global economy generally, including on the availability and pricing of employees, resources, materials, manufacturing and delivery efforts and other aspects of the global economy. There have been business closures and a substantial reduction in economic activity in countries that have had significant outbreaks of COVID-19. Significant uncertainty remains as to the potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the global economy as a whole. It is currently not possible to predict how long the pandemic will last or the time that it will take for economic activity to return to prior levels. The COVID-19 pandemic could materially disrupt our business and operations, interrupt our sources of supply, hamper our ability to raise additional funds or sell or securities, continue to slow down the overall economy or curtail consumer spending.

We intend to conduct foreign clinical trials (FCT) only for our pending COVID-19 vaccine. While costs of FCTs are significantly lower than the costs of an equivalent trial in the United States, there are risks associated with FCTs which may ultimately inhibit FDA approval.

Costs associated with FCTs are significantly lower than the costs of equivalent trials in the United States. However, any clinical data from the FCT may not be adequate to support FDA approval without further preclinical studies, clinical trials, or both. Other companies have in the past encountered various problems with FCTs. The occurrence of any of these could have a material adverse effect on the ultimate path to FDA approval of any COVID-19 vaccine we may develop, which may negatively impact our financial condition and our business.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

None.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

None.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

Not applicable.

Item 5. Other Information.

None.

24


 

Item 6. Exhibits.

 

Exhibit Index

 

Exhibit Number

 

Description

 

 

    3.1

 

Certificate of Incorporation (incorporated by reference to Annex B to the proxy statement/prospectus which forms part of the Registration Statement on Form S-4 filed on March 18, 2019) (File No. 333-230353).

 

 

 

    3.2

 

Bylaws (incorporated by reference to Annex C to the proxy statement/prospectus which forms part of the Registration Statement on Form S-4 filed on March 18, 2019 (File No. 333-230353).

 

 

 

    4.1

 

Agreement and Plan of Merger and Reorganization, by and between Alcobra Ltd., Aleph MergerSub, Inc. and Arcturus Therapeutics, Inc., dated as of September 27, 2017. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.2 to the Company’s Report of Foreign Private Issuer on Form 6-K filed on September 28, 2017 (File No. 001-35932).

 

 

 

    10.1†

 

Form of Indemnification Agreement. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 filed on March 16, 2020 (File No. 001-38942).

 

 

 

    10.2†

 

2019 Omnibus Equity Incentive Plan. Incorporated by reference to Appendix A to the proxy statement filed on October 1, 2019 (File No. 001-38942).

 

 

 

    10.3†

 

Arcturus Therapeutics Ltd. Amended and Restated Compensation Policy for Company Office Holders. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.2 to the Company’s Report of Foreign Private Issuer on Form 6-K filed on July 27, 2018 (File No. 001-35932).

 

 

 

    10.4

 

Loan and Security Agreement, dated October 12, 2018, by and between Western Alliance Bank and Arcturus Therapeutics, Inc. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Report of Foreign Private Issuer on Form 6-K filed on October 15, 2018 (File No. 001-35932).

 

 

 

    10.5

 

Amended and Restated Amendment to Development and Option Agreement, dated as of September 28, 2018, by and between CureVac AG and Arcturus Therapeutics Inc. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.2 to the Company’s Report of Foreign Private Issuer on Form 6-K filed on October 1, 2018 (File No. 001-35932).

 

 

 

    10.6

 

Research Collaboration and License Agreement, by and between Arcturus Therapeutics, Inc. and Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc., dated October 18, 2017. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.7 to Form 20-F filed on May 14, 2018 (File No. 001-35932).

 

 

 

    10.7

 

Research and Exclusive License Agreement, by and between Arcturus Therapeutics, Inc. and Synthetic Genomics, Inc., effective October 24, 2017. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.8 to Form 20-F filed on May 14, 2018 (File No. 001-35932).

 

 

 

    10.8

 

Research Agreement, by and between Arcturus Therapeutics, Inc. and Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, effective December 6, 2016, as amended December 21, 2017. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.9 to Form 20-F filed on May 14, 2018 (File No. 001-35932).

 

 

 

    10.9

 

Research Collaboration and License Agreement, by and between Arcturus Therapeutics, Inc. and Ultragenyx Pharmaceutical Inc., entered into as of October 26, 2015, as amended October 17, 2017 and April 20, 2018. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.10 to Form 20-F filed on May 14, 2018 (File No. 001-35932).

 

 

 

    10.10

 

Third Amendment to Research Collaboration and License Agreement, by and between Arcturus Therapeutics, Inc. and Ultragenyx Pharmaceutical Inc., effective June 18, 2019. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to Form 8-K filed on June 20, 2019 (File No. 001- 38942).

 

 

 

    10.11

 

Letter Agreement, by and between Arcturus Therapeutics, Inc. and the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, dated May 16, 2017. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.11 to Form 20-F filed on May 14, 2018 (File No. 001-35932).

 

 

 

    10.12

 

Amendment No. 2 to Letter Agreement, by and between Arcturus Therapeutics, Inc. and the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, dated August 1, 2019. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.16 to Form 10-Q filed on August 14, 2019.

 

 

 

    10.13

 

Development and Option Agreement, by and between Arcturus Therapeutics, Inc. and CureVac AG, dated January 1, 2018, as amended May 3, 2018. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.12 to Form 20-F filed on May 14, 2018 (File No. 001-35932).

 

 

 

25


 

    10.14

 

Third Amendment to Development and Option Agreement, by and between Arcturus Therapeutics, Inc. and CureVac

AG, dated July 26, 2019. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.20 to Form 10-Q filed on August 14, 2019 (File No. 001-38942).

 

 

 

    10.15

 

Co-Development and Co-Commercialization Agreement, by and between Arcturus Therapeutics, Inc. and CureVac AG, dated January 1, 2018. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.13 to Form 20-F filed on May 14, 2018 (File No. 001-35932).

 

 

 

    10.16

 

Termination Agreement, by and between Arcturus Therapeutics, Inc. and CureVac AG, dated July 26, 2019. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.21 to Form 10-Q filed on August 14, 2019 (File No. 001-38942).

 

 

 

    10.17

 

License Agreement, by and between Arcturus Therapeutics, Inc., as successor-in-interest to Marina Biotech, Inc., and Protiva Biotherapeutics Inc., dated as of November 28, 2012. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.14 to Form 20-F/A filed on July 10, 2018 (File No. 001-35932).

 

 

 

    10.18

 

Patent Assignment and License Agreement, by and between Arcturus Therapeutics, Inc. and Marina Biotech, Inc., dated as of August 9, 2013. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.15 to Form 20-F filed with the SEC on May 14, 2018 (File No. 001-35932).

 

 

 

    10.19

 

Share Exchange Agreement, dated as of February 11, 2019, by and between Arcturus Therapeutics Ltd. and Arcturus Therapeutics Holdings Inc. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.13 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 filed with the SEC on March 18, 2019.

 

 

 

    10.20

 

Amended and Restated Joint Venture, Research Collaboration and License Agreement, dated as of July 14, 2018 by and between Arcturus Therapeutics, Inc. and Providence Therapeutics, Inc. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.14 to the Company’s Amendment No. 1 to Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 filed with the SEC on April 10, 2019.

 

 

 

    10.21

 

Research Collaboration Agreement, dated as of March 8, 2019 by and between Arcturus Therapeutics, Inc. and Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.15 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 filed with the SEC on March 18, 2019.

 

 

 

    10.22

 

Lease Agreement, by and between Arcturus Therapeutics, Inc. and ARE-SD Region No. 44, LLC, dated October 4, 2017. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.6 to Form 20-F filed on May 14, 2018 (File No. 001-35932).

 

 

 

    10.23

 

Lease Agreement, by and between Arcturus Therapeutics Holdings Inc. and ARE-SD Region No. 44, LLC dated February 1, 2020. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.23 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 filed on March 16, 2020 (File No. 001-38942).

 

 

 

    10.24**

 

Acceptance Letter, dated March 4, 2020, between Arcturus Therapeutics Holdings Inc. and the Economic Development Board of Singapore. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.24 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 filed on March 16, 2020 (File No. 001-38942).

 

 

 

    10.25

 

Sales Agreement, dated as of March 27, 2020, between the Company and Stifel, Nicolaus & Company, Incorporated. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to Form 8-K filed on March 27, 2020 (File No. 001-38942)

 

 

 

    10.26